Using performance tasks as a way to measure student knowledge
When working with a group of middle school science teachers recently whose goal was to increase the depth of knowledge in their shared common assessments, we explored using Performance Tasks as a way to measure student knowledge and skills gained, as they apply them in novel and real situations.
It’s the “do” in the KUD (know, understand, and do) that so often gets left behind, but is so important in the world of deep learning.
What defines a performance task?
We began by skimming Marc Chun’s excellent article Taking Teaching to (Performance) Task: Linking Pedagogical and Assessment Practices (pdf), where he includes multiple examples of these tasks.
Chun describes the elements of a performance task to include:
- real-world scenarios;
- authentic, complex processes;
- higher order thinking;
- authentic performances; and
- transparent evaluation criteria.
One way to get a grasp on what performance tasks look like is to check out this excellent resource from Steve Bibla and the Toronto District School Board detailing how they created rich performance tasks to teach Ecological Literacy.
Use these resources to start building your own:
Jay McTighe’s article How Can Educators Design Authentic Performance Tasks? provides scaffolded, step-by-step supports in building one from scratch.
But, like all efficient and busy educators, we also know we could save time by searching for existing tasks and adapting them to our specific context/needs.
Enter Ted Curran and his fabulous recycling of existing performance tasks in his post Action-Oriented eLearning with the Humble Webquest. He advocates for revamping the visually dated, but rich in authentic and relevant learning Webquests provide — learning that requires higher order thinking skills and application- – by updating with current technology old Webquests.
For our science exploration, we used the QuestGarden database and found a Webquest of interest for their upcoming genetics unit: Genetic Testing: How Far Should It Go. If you find you have limited luck using this database, a shortcut is to do a Google search for your topic along with the word Webquest. You might be surprised by what you find.
Finally, you might find it worth your time to explore the DefinedStem website. While the resources are not free, after seeing the rich resources and performance tasks available, you might find the extra time to write a grant or convince your district to fund access. Check out an example performance task Baseball Bat Analyst (Grade 7) and read a review of the resource here.
But why performance tasks right now?
Many Vermont middle schools, as they develop Personal Learning Plans with students, are crafting ways for students to demonstrate proficiency of transferable skills adopted by each school. One way for students to show what they know, understand, and can do, where both content and skills are honored and assessed, is through rich performance tasks.
A sample performance task for middle school
It’s important for young adolescents to have tasks that demonstrate proficiency while simultaneously allowing them:
- the freedom to explore personally meaningful topics
- space to explore and reflect on who they are and who they’re becoming
- activities that have real-world impact and relevance
Following along those precepts, let’s revisit Wiggins & McTighe’s GRASPS framework for an example activity. Goal, role, audience, situation, product/performance/purpose, standards then might look like:
How could you adapt this performance task activity for your next curriculum unit?
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